Zhao Aidi, male, born in 1979, is a native of Rugao, Jiangsu Province. In 2008, Zhao was selected as the recipient of the award of “Top 100 National Excellent Doctoral Dissertations of China.” Zhao is mainly engaged in the scanning probe microscopy (SPM) study of surface structures, single-molecules as well as low dimensional nanostructures. Zhao boasts rich research experience in the field of scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and spectroscopy, and he focuses intently on the exploration of new fields of application for scanning probe microscopy (SPM), with a series of important scientific payoffs of originality achieved. His research area covers multiple disciplines ranging from condensed matter physics (CMP), physical chemistry to inorganic chemistry and materials physics. So far, Zhao Aidi has presided over one research project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, and got involved as a major participant in a number of research projects ranging from the key projects of National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) to the subprojects of National Basic Research Program of China (also known as the “973” Program) sponsored by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China. Zhao has previously won the Excellent Doctoral Dissertation Award of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 2007, the CAS Presidential Scholarship (Special Award) in 2006, and the 3rd China Youth Science and Technology Innovation Award in 2006. Zhao has published more than a dozen of academic papers in journals indexed by SCI such as Science, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), Journal of the American Chemical Society, and Physical Review B, among which one paper has received a maximum of more than 100 times of citations. Besides, he has written by invitation three literature reviews for relevant fields either in English or in Chinese. Zhao’s research findings have entered the list of “Top 10 Advances in Science and Technology in China” in 2005 and the list of “Top 10 Achievements in Science and Technology in Chinese Universities” in 2009.